Lesson overview

Story - Narrative
Middle years and up
narrative distance
psychological distance
point of view
birds eye view
bird's eye view
wide view
mid view
close view
internal view
psychic distance
summary description
presenting facts
narrator commentary
establishing context
establishing setting
describing groups
describing feelings
describing thoughts
internal world
describing action
sensory detail
close ups
interior speech
Writers can choose how 'close' to get to their characters: from a detached 'bird's eye' view, to a comfortable middle distance in which we can share feelings and perceptions, to complete immersion in which we experience the world as the character does. This lesson explores each of these levels, the features that make them distinct, and how to transition between them.