When we talk about the world in terms of what characters say, it’s called reported speech, and reported speech is always a complex sentence.
In reported speech, we have:
- The reporter—the person who is communicating something.
- Their method of delivery—such as saying, telling, implying, hinting, plus any helper words required to indicate how the reporter gets their message across.
- The message—what they are saying about the world.
Taken together the reporter and the method of delivery form a sort of wrapper around the core meaning (the message).
Can you spot these elements of reported speech in each of the following snippets?