Complex sentences

Adding more detail

When it's not important who did it

What type of sentence is this? Simple, compound, or complex?

And how does it deliver its descriptive detail?

A roughly arrow-shaped plank of wood lay by the track.

A roughly arrow-shaped plank of wood lay by the track.

A roughly arrow-shaped plank of wood lay by the track.

A roughly arrow-shaped plank of wood lay by the track.

What can we see in this snippet?

A plank of wood lay by the track, roughly fashioned in the shape of an arrow.

The Forgotten PathDavid NewmanSource

A plank of wood lay by the track, roughly fashioned in the shape of an arrow.

The Forgotten PathDavid NewmanSource

A plank of wood lay by the track, roughly fashioned in the shape of an arrow.

The Forgotten PathDavid NewmanSource

A plank of wood lay by the track, roughly fashioned in the shape of an arrow.

The Forgotten PathDavid NewmanSource
What's the difference?
Events have actors...
...but in passive voice, the actor is hidden

Here's another snippet that uses passive voice in a supporting clause. Can you find it?

She sat beside him, puzzled by the odd tone of his voice.

Lioness RampantTamora PierceSource
Advanced: The 'actor' has been added back in using a prepositional phrase
Your turn
Extra credit: -ing vs -ed verbs

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